Job analysis is a process of identifying, analyzing, and determining the duties, responsibilities, skills, abilities, and work environment of a specific job. These factors help in identifying what a job demands and what an employee must possess in performing a job productively.
Job analysis helps in understanding what tasks are important and how to perform them. Its purpose is to establish and document the job relatednessof employment procedures such as selection, training, compensation, and performance appraisal.
The following steps are important in analyzing a job −
The immediate products of job analysis are job descriptions and job specifications.